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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 1
First page : ( 159) Last page : ( 162)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00033.2

Knowledge of under five children's’ mothers regarding the six killer Diseases

Ms. Sharma Minu*, Ms. Kaur Gurpreet, Ms. Pun Jhag Devi, Ms. Shukla Jyoti, Ms. Thakur Lalita, Ms. Sharma Monika, Ms.  Mandip, Ms. Kaur Manpreet, Ms. Sonowal Mary, Ms. Kaur Manjot, Ms. Gupta Rupashree Das

Pal College of Nursing and Medical Sciences, Haldwani, Nanital, Uttarakhand, India

*Corresponding Author Email: hi.minu.sharma@gmail.com

Online published on 7 July, 2018.

Abstract

With every little baby's birth God sends his love and joy to earth. Children are the delicate flower who wilts away before they bloom due to the life threatening diseases. In India nearly 40% of the population constitutes of children. The promotion of healthy child development has become a major focus of world attention over the last three to four decades. A lot of researches need to be conducted concerning the children especially for the under five children as the mortality and morbidity rates are higher in this age group, which may enable us to have a better and clear understanding of the issues concerning children, and how to deal with them effectively. India is a country still having the highest infant mortality rate among all the countries in the world especially due to the six killer diseases. The leading cause behind this is the unawareness and ignorance among the mothers regarding six killer diseases. The outcomes of these six diseases viz. diphtheria pertussis, tuberculosis, measles, tetanus, polio makes the child handicapped not only at their initial stages of their growth and development but also has a long term deleterious effect in their adulthood and later on. As per the WHO news bulletin (2004), through vaccination and imparting knowledge to under five childrens’ mothers many under five deaths were prevented. It was estimated that 2, 94, 000 deaths occurred due to pertussis, 4000 deaths from diptheria and as many as 27 million children did not receive the third dose of DPT. Lack of knowledge is the greatest barrier to any improvement in the health conditions. Mothers’ knowledge even within the same socioeconomic class is a key determinant of their child's health. Henceforth extensive evidence showed that maternal knowledge plays a major role in the decline of infant and child mortality. Here the nurses are in a better position to guide these mothers. Keeping this in view a study was undertaken to assess their level regarding the awareness and knowledge of six killer diseases to gather the baseline information and data so that necessary steps can be taken to educate and spread awareness among them for a better future and safe childhood with an equally improved beginning of life. The findings of the research project would contribute towards producing data related to the ignorance and unawareness of under five childrens’ mothers regarding the six killer diseases which can be of further help to the young researchers in future to formulate an educational plan for the mothers of under five children for prevention, cure and care of six killer diseases

Objectives of the study was

To assess the existing knowledge of mothers’ of under five children regarding six killer diseases; To find out the association between the selected demographic variables and knowledge of under five childrens’ mothers regarding six killer diseases. Exploratory approach and survey design was used to assess the existing knowledge of mothers’ of under five children regarding six killer diseases. The sample size for the study was 60. Data collection tools included a self reporting structured questionnaire. 16 experts determined the content validity of the tools. Reliability was determined by split half reliability test using test retest method. The reliability scores obtained for the structured questionnaire on 10 samples were 0.80 respectively. Pilot study was conducted on 20 samples from 05.02.10 to 10.02.10. The actual study was done in February. The analysis of the obtained data was done on the objectives and the hypothesis formulated for the study. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used. The level of significance set for testing the hypothesis was 0.05%. The major findings of the study showed that: Description of knowledge scores of under five childrens ’mothers related to the six killer diseases showed that maximum (66.60%) mothers had average knowledge score, (25%) had good knowledge scores, while only 8.40% mothers were having poor knowledge regarding the six killer diseases. Results also indicated that mothers were not fully aware about the six killer diseases. Association between the knowledge of mothers with the selected demographic variables showed that calculated x2 value is smaller than the table value at 5% level(p>0.05), hence null hypothesis was accepted rejecting the alternate hypothesis as there was no significant association between the knowledge scores of mothers and the selected demographic variables.

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Keywords

Six killer disease, under five children, knowledge of mothers.

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