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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 1
First page : ( 152) Last page : ( 158)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00032.0

A comparative study on quality of life among type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus clients at selected hospitals of district Mohali, Punjab.

Bhardwaj Jyoti1,*, Choudhary Rashmi2, Sharma Poonam3

1M. Sc. Nursing, Mata Sahib Kaur College of Nursing, Mohali, Punjab, India

2Associate Professor, Mata Sahib Kaur College of Nursing, Mohali, Punjab, India

3Assistant Professor, Mata Sahib Kaur College of Nursing, Mohali, Punjab, India

*Corresponding Author Email: jyotishukla2509@gmail.com

Online published on 7 July, 2018.

Abstract

Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death. It is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood glucose level. This study aimed to compare quality of life among type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus clients at selected hospitals of district Mohali, Punjab. A quantitative approach with comparative research design was adopted for the study. 120 diabetes mellitus clients (60 type 1 and 60 type 2 diabetes mellitus clients) were selected through convenient sampling technique. Study showed that 73.3%, 23.4% and 3.3% were having fair, good and poor quality of life among type 1 diabetes clients whereas 46.7%, 35.0% and 18.3% were having poor, fair and good quality of life among type 2 diabetes mellitus clients. Comparison shows that there was significant difference between the quality of life among type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus clients. Clients with type 1 diabetes mellitus have better quality of life as compared to type 2 diabetes mellitus clients. Domain wise comparison indicates significant difference in quality of life among type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus clients in domains of role limitation due to physical health, physical endurance, general health, emotional/mental health and diet satisfaction. There was significant association of age and education with quality of life among both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus clients (p<0.05). Quality of life of type 1 diabetes mellitus clients had significant association with duration of diabetes mellitus, duration of taking treatment and duration of prescribed medication moreover among type 2 diabetes mellitus clients significant association with gender, marital status, occupation and family history of diabetes mellitus with quality of life (p<0.05).

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Keywords

Quality of life, type 1 diabetes mellitus clients, type 2 diabetes mellitus clients, domain wise comparison, association.

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