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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 1
First page : ( 81) Last page : ( 93)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00019.8

Effectiveness of Planned Teaching about Knowledge Regarding side Effects of Typical Antipsychotics among the Primary care givers of Psychiatric Patient in selected Hospital

Ms. Dambhe Sayali Devidas1,*, Mr. Muniyandi S2

1M. Sc Nursing Final year Student, Kasturba Nursing College, Sewagram, Kasturba Health Society, Sewagram, District-Wardha, Maharastra, 442102

2Associate Professor, and HOD, Kasturba Nursing College, Sewagram, Kasturba Health Society, Sewagram, District-Wardha, Maharastra, 442102

*Corresponding Author Email: sayalidambhe1993@gmail.com

Online published on 7 July, 2018.

Abstract

Objective

  • Assess the level of knowledge regarding side effects of typical antipsychotics among primary care givers of psychiatric patients.

  • To assess the effectiveness of planned teaching on knowledge regarding typical antipsychotics among primary care givers of psychiatric patients.

  • To find out the association between level of knowledge among primary care givers of mentally ill client with their selected demographic variables

Research approach

Present study was conducted on quantitative approach is used in this study. This approach was selected because the aim of this research study was to evaluate the effectiveness of planned teaching in improving the knowledge of primary care giver regarding side effects of typical antipsychotics drugs. With this approach it would be possible to describe the knowledge of primary care givers regarding side effects of typical antipsychotic drug. The quantitative approach would help the investigator to evaluate the effect of “Planned teaching” on the variable that is knowledge of the primary care givers

Research Design

One group pre-test post-test design has been used to fine the effectiveness of planned teaching about knowledge regarding side effects of typical antipsychotics among the primary care givers of psychiatric patient in selected hospital and also to determine the association between knowledge of primary care givers regarding side effect of typical antipsychotics with their selected demographic variables. A pre test was administered on day 1 by means of structural questionnaire depicted as Q1 and then planned teaching also conducted on day 1 depicted as X. A post test was conducted on day 7 using the same structured questionnaire depicted as Q2. The study design depicted as (Q1, X, Q2)

Setting of the study

The study was conducted in a selected hospital. The rationale for selecting this setting was easy transport, familiarity with the setting, administrative approval, cooperation and availability of subject

Sample and sampling technique

In this study sample size was 40 primary care giver of psychiatric patient who take typical antipsychotics. Sampling refers to the process of selecting the portion of the population to represent the entire population

Tool

Knowledge questionnaire is used to gather information.

Validity and reliability

Reliability of the tool is a major criterion for assessing the quality and accuracy. It is the degree of consistency with which it measures the attribute. Reliability analysis was done by KR20 formula, The reliability coefficient correlation for structured knowledge questionnaire was 0.70 To obtain content validity of the tool, the prepared tool with synopsis, planned on side effects of typical antipsychotics, evaluator's response sheet and content validity certificate were submit to 14 experts in the field of psychiatric nursing and psychiatry. All validated contents of the tools were received back from the experts with their valuable suggestion and comments. Their suggestions were taken into consideration and the modifications were incorporated in the final preparation of the structured knowledge questionnaire and planned teaching.

Pilot study

The investigator conducted the pilot study in selected hospital from 23th December 2016 to 30th December 2016. For the present study, the investigator obtained formal approval from the medical superintendent of in selected hospital. The investigator selected 4 samples by non-probability convenient sampling technique. After a brief self-introduction, the investigator explained the purpose of the study and obtained consent from them. Good rapport was established. The investigator conducted the pre-test and doubts were clarified. After that, planned teaching was given to the primary

Finding of the study

The finding including of the study includes, the analysis and interpretation of data collected from the primary care givers in selected hospital. Among the total 40 sample of primary care givers out of 14(35%)in 29–38 years of age, most of samples were female 24(60%), 12(50%) having secondary education, 26(65%)of subjects belonged to Hindu religion, 21(52.5%) of sample was on private job, 22(55%) sample having upto10000, 22(55%) samples was from to urban area 26(65%) were having length of stay of more than 2 year. The frequency and percentage distribution of level of knowledge among primary care givers in pre-test. Among 40 samples the pre test score 3(7.5%)subjects were having poor knowledge (0–6)regarding the side effects antipsychotics, while 29(72.5%) had average knowledge (7–12), whereas 8(20%)subject had good knowledge (13–18)and none of the subjects had excellent knowledge about it. While in the post-test, 1(2.5%) of the subject had average knowledge, 19(47.5%)subject had good knowledge and 20(50%)subject had excellent knowledge regarding the side effects of antipsychotics. The comparison between the mean difference in pre-test and post test score was 8.2. The calculated ‘t ‘ value was 13.71, whereas the tabulated ‘t ’value was 2.02, shows that the calculated ‘t ’value was much higher than the tabulated ‘t ’value. It shows that the planned teaching was effective in significant improving the knowledge of primary care givers of psychiatric patient regarding side effects of typical antipsychotics, so the null hypothesis H0 is rejected and the research hypothesis H1 is accepted.

Conclusion

The analysis of the study revealed that there was a significant improvement in the knowledge of primary care givers. The planned teaching proved to be effective in improving the knowledge and attitude of the primary care givers of psychiatric patient in selected hospital.

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Keywords

Typical antipsychotics, primary care givers, side effects of antipsychotics, planned teaching.

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