Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme (STP) regarding early detection and prevention of visual impairment among older people
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90% of visually impaired people live in developing countries. 82% of people living with blindness are aged 50 years and above. With an increasing elderly population in many countries, more people will be at risk of age-related visual impairment. It has been found that 80% of all visual impairment can be avoided or cured. Lack of knowledge can lead to late detection of visual impairment and its treatment. The delays can cause permanent loss of vision and other severe complications
1. To determine the effectiveness of STP regarding early detection and prevention of visual impairment, in terms of knowledge and attitude of older people. 2. To find out the association between post test knowledge scores and post test attitude scores (experimental group) with their selected demographic variables
Materials and Methods
An evaluative research approach was adopted under the study. The study was conducted in selected rural areas in Meerut district. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the older people under both experimental and control groups. The sample comprised of 100 older people, 50 each in experimental and control group
The study revealed that the mean post test knowledge score (29.98±2.81) of experimental group was higher than the mean post test knowledge score of control group (17.88±3.12). It was found to be statistically significant (p< 0.000). The mean post test attitude score of experimental group (89.22±5.96) was higher than the mean post test attitude score of control group (74.74±9.28). It was found to be statistically significant (p< 0.000).
Structured Teaching Programme (STP) is an effective strategy in improving knowledge and attitude of older people regarding early detection and prevention of visual impairment. More educational strategies can be undertaken to mobilize the older people towards eye care services and prevention of visual impairment.
Older people, Visual Impairment, Structured Teaching Program.