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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 1
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 4)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00001.0

Do Psychiatric Nurses have Favourable Knowledge and Attitude towards Tobacco Prevention Among their Patients? A Cross-Sectional Study from National Capital of India

Parel Jithin Thomas1,*, Khakha Deepika C2, Balhara YPS3

1Assistant Professor HOD, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, JIET College of Nursing, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

2Lecturer, College of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

3Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry and National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre (All India Institute Medical Sciences, New Delhi

*Corresponding Author Email: jithuparel@gmail.com

Online published on 7 July, 2018.

Abstract

Background

Tobacco smoke is one of the documented harmful agents that people voluntarily get exposed to. Nurses are primarily involved in delivering preventive strategies to curb the use of tobacco. The current study explores the nurses role by assessing the knowledge and attitude towards prevention of tobacco use among nurses working in Psychiatric department. The psychological effects of tobacco uses causes deleterious health hazards in patients. Nurses have a paramount role in preventing tobacco use among patients. Therefore the knowledge and attitude of nurses plays a vital role in delivering effective health education

Materials and Methods

A descriptive survey was undertaken on a sample of 45 nurses working in psychiatric department of AIIMS, New Delhi. The subjects were assessed using self-developed knowledge questionnaire and 5-point likert attitude scale. Reliability and validity of the tool were established. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics

Results

Mean knowledge score of psychiatric nurses towards prevention of tobacco use was 19.04±2.938 with more than half (58%) had moderate knowledge. The mean attitude score of psychiatric nurses towards prevention of tobacco use was 57.13±7.83 with majority (73%) had positive attitude. There was statistically significant association between education and attitude towards prevention of tobacco use at p<0.05 among the nurses working in psychiatric department. There was a statistically significant association was seen among the nurses who had not attended in-service education and attitude towards prevention of tobacco use at p<0.05 in nurses working in psychiatric department

Conclusion

Nurses had moderate knowledge and positive attitude towards prevention of tobacco use. It would promote quality patient care in providing tobacco cessation interventions and reduces morbidity and mortality related to smoking and smoking related diseases.

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Keywords

Knowledge, attitude and tobacco.

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