Quasi-Experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Soya Powder on Selected Menopausal Problems among Perimenopausal Women in Selected Rural Areas of Ludhiana, Punjab.
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Background and purpose
Perimenopausal women aged between 41–55 years experience irregularities in menstruation i.e. heavy bleeding, spotting and long gap in the periods from 1–12 months. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of soya powder on selected menopausal problems among perimenopausal women (41–55 years) residing in selected rural areas of District Ludhiana (Punjab). The conceptual framework of the present study was based on general system theory, which was first introduced by Ludwig Von Bertanlanffy (1968).
A quantitative quasi experimental research approach was used for this study. The study was carried out in two selected villages of Ludhiana, Punjab. The sample comprised of 60 perimenopausal women who were between 41–55 years. Sample was selected by using purposive sampling technique. Data was collected by administering the Modified Menopausal Rating Scale and Demographic Tool. Data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
The results of this study showed that in pre test, experimental group half of perimenopausal women 50% had moderate level, followed by 33.33% who had severe level and 16.67% who had mild level of menopausal problems, whereas in control group most 46.67% perimenopausal women had moderate level, followed by 40% who had mild level and 13.33% who had severe level of menopausal problems. In post test, in experimental group half of perimenopausal women 50% had mild level and followed by 26.67% who had none level and 23.33% who had moderate level of menopausal problems, whereas in control group half of perimenopausal women 50% had mild level, followed by 36.67% who had moderate level and 13.33% who had severe level of menopausal problems. The differences between the pre test score and post test score was found statistical significant at p≤0.05 level of significance.
Interpretation and conclusion
The findings of this study support the need to use soya powder to prevent and manage menopausal problems. This study proved that the soya powder had effect on menopausal problems among perimenopausal women.
Menopausal problems, Perimenopausal women, Soya powder, Effectiveness, Quantitative quasi experimental research approach.