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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2017, Volume : 7, Issue : 3
First page : ( 321) Last page : ( 329)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2017.00065.9

The Effect of Relaxation Techniques on Blood Pressure and Stress among Pregnant Women with Mild Pregnancy Induced Hypertension

Soliman Gehan. H.1, Elalem Seham Mohamed Abd2, Elhomosy Samah Mohamed3

1Assist Prof. of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Egypt

2Lecturer of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Egypt

3Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Egypt

Online published on 18 September, 2017.

Abstract

Pregnancy induced hypertension is one of the most common causes of both maternal and neonatal morbidity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of implementing an educational program about relaxation techniques on blood pressure and stress level among pregnant women with mild pregnancy induced hypertension. Subjects and methods: A quasi-experimental research design was conducted to meet the aim of the study. The study was conducted in maternal and child health center in Kebly at Shebin Elkom, Menoufia governorate, Egypt. Purposive samples of 60 pregnant women with mild pregnancy induced hypertension were randomly assigned into control and study group of 30 patients each. Study group received a structured educational program and planned clinical supervision about relaxation techniques which include deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery in addition to routine antenatal care. Control group received only routine antenatal care. The data gathering instruments: were Bio sociodemographic and knowledge assessment form, Physiological measurements and Perceived stress scale. The main findings of the study were that, there was statistically significant improvement in knowledge, physiological parameters, also reducing in blood pressure and stress level in study group more than their control (P<0.001). The study concluded that educational program about relaxation techniques have shown beneficial improvement of knowledge and physiological parameters and reduction of blood pressure and stress level among pregnant women with mild pregnancy induced hypertension. The study recommended that practicing relaxation techniques should form an important component and should be included routinely in the management of pregnancy induced hypertension

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Keywords

Relaxation techniques, Blood pressure, Stress, Pregnancy induced hypertension.

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