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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2017, Volume : 7, Issue : 3
First page : ( 308) Last page : ( 320)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2017.00064.7

Effect of Planned Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Practices in Relation to Prevention of Complications among selected High RiskAntenatal Mothers in a Selected Hospital

Mrs. Thomas Ann Maria*

Nursing Tutor, D.Y. Patil College of Nursing, Nerul, Navi Mumbai

*Corresponding Author Email: ann.maria191987@gmail.com

Online published on 18 September, 2017.

Abstract

Pregnancy is one of the wonderful experiences imposed by nature for women and a special event of happiness, expectancy, excitement, anxiety and fear. A change during pregnancy is common; sometimes the natural changes that happen during pregnancy can cause certain complications. Developing countries account for 99% (28, 400) of global maternal death. At country level; India is at 19% (56000) of all global maternal death followed by Nigeria at 14% (40, 000).

Objectives

  • Assess the knowledge in relation to prevention of complications among selected high risk antenatal mothers before and after planned teaching program.

  • Assess the practices in relation to prevention of complications among selected high risk antenatal mothers before and after planned teaching program.

  • Find out the association between pre-test knowledge in relation to prevention of complications and selected demographic variables among selected high risk antenatal mothers

  • Find out the association between pre-test practices in relation to prevention of complications and selected demographic variables among selected high risk antenatal mothers.

Methodology

A descriptive evaluatory approach was selected to assess the knowledge and practices of mothers before and after planned teaching. The sample consists of 60 mother's withthe age of 18 to 45, between 15 to 35th week of gestation and diagnosedas pre-eclampsia/anaemia/previous history of PIH or anaemia/elderly primigravida/grand multiparaity and the sampling technique was disproportionate quota sampling. Quasi experimental design was adopted where the group was assessed with structured questionnaire. The content validity of the tool was established by giving it to 14 experts and reliability of the tool was tested by using Spearman's rank correlation formula and the r value obtained was 0.85 for knowledge and 0.89 for practices. The effectiveness of the planned teaching was assessed by test re test method. The data obtained was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics.

Findings of the Study

  • The pretest knowledge score (24.67) has significantly increased (53.15) and the pretest practices score (25.72) has significantly increased (55.05). Hence it can be inferred planned teaching programme is effective.

  • The association was checked using chi square, it can be inferred there is association of pretest knowledge with selected demographic characteristic type of the family and duration of marriage and there is no association between pretest knowledge and selected demographic characteristic age of among selected high risk antenatal mother's therefore null hypotheses can be rejected.

  • The association was checked using chi square, it can be inferred there is association of pretest practice with selected demographic characteristic duration of marriage.obstetric data there is no association between pretest practice and selected demographic characteristic education of selected high risk antenatal mother's thus null hypothesis can be rejected.

Conclusion

The study revealed that planned teaching programme regarding prevention of complications among selected high risk antenatal mothers was effective as it improved the knowledge and practice level significantly.

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Keywords

Prevention of complication, High risk pregnancies, Anemia, PIH, Elderly primigravida.

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