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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2016, Volume : 6, Issue : 3
First page : ( 411) Last page : ( 413)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2016.00077.X

A study to assess the prevalence of pre-menstrual syndrome among adolescent girls in a selected college at Mangalore

D'souza Brincy L*, Nair Praseetha P., Varghese Ancy, Coelho Joslin, Naik Soumya, Scaria Annmary, Paulose Boby, Jose Jerrin, Scaria Melbin, Raj Mithun, Nazeer Shameena

S.C.S. College of Nursing Sciences, Hoegebail, KECT Towers, Ashoknagar, Mangalore-575006

*Corresponding Author Email: brincy85@gmail.com

Online published on 18 October, 2016.

Abstract

Context

Adolescent girls constitute 1/5th of the female population in the world. Generally this group is considered health and not been given adequate attention in health programmes. Menarche is sign of growing up.

This period constitutes between 11–14 years. Pre-menstrual syndrome is a set of physical, emotional and behavioural symptoms, that occurs a week before menstruation in most of the cycles. The physical symptoms includes acne, breast tenderness, swelling in the legs, weight gain, abdominal bloating, fatigue, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, pelvic heaviness, appetite changes, constipation, heart palpitations, muscle aches, headache and backache. The emotional symptoms includes irritability, mood swings, sadness, tension, restlessness, loneliness, food craving, stress, insomnia/hypersomnia, anxiety, anger and behavioural symptoms include poor problem solving, poor concentration, forgetfulness and social avoidance, confusion.

The purpose of the study was to find out the prevalence of PMS among adolescent girls.

Objectives

To find out the prevalence of PMS among adolescent girls

To describe the severity of physical and emotional symptoms related to PMS

To find out the association of the demographic characteristics

Methods

Non-experimental study with descriptive design was used for the study. The sample consisted of 30 adolescent girls who met the inclusion criteria and selected using stratified random sampling technique. The study was conducted in S.C.S. college of nursing sciences, Mangalore. Formal informed consent was obtained from the concerned authorities and the participants prior to data collection. The tool was administered for 15 minutes. The data was collected using checklist to assess PMS.

Result

With regard to the study the mean and SD of the physical symptoms were 10.87 and 4.32 respectively and for emotional symptoms were 7.33 and 2.73 respectively. The result showed that there is a prevalence of mild to moderate symptoms of PMS among adolescent girls with score ranging from 0–35.

Interpretation and conclusion

Prevalence of PMS among adolescent girls ranges between mild and moderate.

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Keywords

Assess, PMS, adolescent girls, prevalence.

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