Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Practice regarding occupational risk of Blood Borne Disease among Barbers in selected Urban areas of Mangalore
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The blood-borne diseases include a broad spectrum of infectious conditions that reach their target tissue through the circulation of blood. Health care workers, emergency response and public safety personnel, barbers and other workers can be exposed to blood through needle stick and other sharps injuries, mucous membrane, and skin exposures.
An evaluatory approach with one group pre test post test design was used for the study. The sample size consisted of 30 barbers selected by purposive sampling technique. The main study was conducted from 1/09/2011–30/09/2011. Pre-test data was collected with knowledge questionnaire and observation checklist. The planned teaching programme was administered after the pre-test data collection. Post test was conducted after 7 days of planned teaching programme. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
The result of the study showed there was a significant difference in pre test and post test knowledge and practice scores of barbers. The mean percentage pre-test knowledge score was 41.4% and post test knowledge score was 91.5%. The difference in score was statistically significant at 0.05 level (t29 = 2.045, p<0.05). The mean percentage pre-test practice score was 43.3 and post test practice score was 85.9. The difference in score was statistically significant at 0.05 level (t29 = 2.045).
The coefficient of correlation between knowledge and practice (r = 0.4) was higher than the table value showing significant relationship between knowledge scores and practice scores.
Knowledge; practice; barbers; planned teaching programme; blood borne disease; evaluatory approach.