Factors of sleep Disturbances among Hospitalized Patients, Jeopardizing the Prognosis
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Sleep is an essential part of the normal human circadian rhythm. It is essential for maintenance of physical, sexual and mental functions of the body. Studies well document the negative effects of sleep deprivation (decreased vigilance, impaired decision-making, reduced concentration, irritability, sleepiness, increased fatigue, and difficulty in thinking clearly). Sleep deprivation is also well recognized as a stressor, affecting human health in many adverse ways including memory impairment and prolonged treatment spans of patients suffering from various illnesses. A quiet environment is a prerequisite for most of the people to get into sleep. The sleep pattern of persons getting admitted to the hospital can easily be affected by illness or the unfamiliar routines. Both the quality and quantity of sleep can be affected by the various reasons. The research approach adopted was descriptive in nature. The study was conducted in IMS and SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar with a sample size of 100 patients. Non probability sampling method was used for selecting the sample. Here descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis and interpretation. In major findings of the study it was observed that, there are some factors which is responsible for sleep disturbance during hospitalization and no significant association between the sleep disturbances and selected socio demographic variable with age, marital status, occupation, physical work and duration of hospitalization as the chi-square value is 0.012, 0.105, 0.713, 1.033, 0.437 and 0.164 respectively which is less than the tabulated value at 0.05 level of significant. The study findings may useful for the health care personnel to assess the factors affecting sleep disturbances during hospitalization, and they should take care about that.
Assess, Sleep disturbances, selected factors and Patients.