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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2015, Volume : 5, Issue : 2
First page : ( 251) Last page : ( 253)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2015.00049.X

A Descriptive Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding Diabetes Mellitus, Its Risk Factors and Complication among the Rural Community Sadiq, Faridkot (Punjab).

Dr. Choudhary Virendra Singh1,*, Mrs. Chaudhary Geeta2

1Vice Principal & HOD, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faridkot

2Lecturer, Department of OBG Nursing, Dasmesh College of Nursing, Faridkot

*Corresponding Author Email: Singhviren81@gmail.com, geeta80viren@gmail.com



To determine the baseline level of knowledge level of awareness amongst a rural community about Diabetes mellitus (irrespective of type 1 or type 2), its risk factors and complications.


A cross sectional survey conducted at the community of village Sadiq, Faridkot, Punjab in March-April 2014. A structured questionnaire was used and 300 adults (age>18 years) were assessed on their knowledge regarding awareness of Diabetes mellitus (DM), its risk factors and complications. All data was re-validated and analyzed.


out of 300 adults subjected to the survey, only 46.66% (140) adults had any awareness of DM. adult with no regular exercise were 69.33% (208) and 73.33%(220) did not have healthy eating habits. Awareness of risk factor was present in 25.33% (76) while awareness about complication associated with the DM was 28.33% (85). Adult which reported as never going for regular checkup to any clinic or hospital were 70% (210). Family history of DM was statistically significant associated with awareness about DM (65%vs 32%, p<0.001), people who were in contact regularly with health care provider were more aware about diabetes and the associated risk factors than those who were not (70%vs 35%, p<0.001). Sex was not associated (p=0.28) with awareness about DM, nor was the education (p=0.46).


Majority of adults were unaware of DM itself and associated risk factor. Raising public awareness of the disease through outreach programmes and mass media should be planned and implemented.



DM (Diabetes mellitus).


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