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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2015, Volume : 5, Issue : 2
First page : ( 251) Last page : ( 253)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2015.00049.X

A Descriptive Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding Diabetes Mellitus, Its Risk Factors and Complication among the Rural Community Sadiq, Faridkot (Punjab).

Dr. Choudhary Virendra Singh1,*, Mrs. Chaudhary Geeta2

1Vice Principal & HOD, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faridkot

2Lecturer, Department of OBG Nursing, Dasmesh College of Nursing, Faridkot

*Corresponding Author Email: Singhviren81@gmail.com, geeta80viren@gmail.com

Abstract

Objective

To determine the baseline level of knowledge level of awareness amongst a rural community about Diabetes mellitus (irrespective of type 1 or type 2), its risk factors and complications.

Methods

A cross sectional survey conducted at the community of village Sadiq, Faridkot, Punjab in March-April 2014. A structured questionnaire was used and 300 adults (age>18 years) were assessed on their knowledge regarding awareness of Diabetes mellitus (DM), its risk factors and complications. All data was re-validated and analyzed.

Result

out of 300 adults subjected to the survey, only 46.66% (140) adults had any awareness of DM. adult with no regular exercise were 69.33% (208) and 73.33%(220) did not have healthy eating habits. Awareness of risk factor was present in 25.33% (76) while awareness about complication associated with the DM was 28.33% (85). Adult which reported as never going for regular checkup to any clinic or hospital were 70% (210). Family history of DM was statistically significant associated with awareness about DM (65%vs 32%, p<0.001), people who were in contact regularly with health care provider were more aware about diabetes and the associated risk factors than those who were not (70%vs 35%, p<0.001). Sex was not associated (p=0.28) with awareness about DM, nor was the education (p=0.46).

Conclusions

Majority of adults were unaware of DM itself and associated risk factor. Raising public awareness of the disease through outreach programmes and mass media should be planned and implemented.

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Keywords

DM (Diabetes mellitus).

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