Assessment of Knowledge of Patient Regarding Coronary Artery Disease among Patients in Selected Hospitals at Mangalore
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Coronary heart disease is now the leading cause of mortality worldwide and accounts for the death of 3.8 million men and 3.4 million women each year. In developing countries, coronary artery diseases have been recognized as a major public health problem. The lack of knowledge regarding personal risk of CHD may impact decision-making regarding risk prevention, and this impact may be heightened among socio demographic groups under-educated on the risk and prevention of cardiovascular disease.
To determine the knowledge of patient regarding coronary artery disease. To find out the relationship between knowledge level and selected demographic variables.
The study design was descriptive survey design. The purposive sampling technique was used to draw 75 patients as samples. Data was collected by administering the CAD questionnaire to assess the knowledge.
The result shows that there was significant relationship between knowledge level and age group, occupation, and education with odds ratio [95% confidence interval], age group between 25-35 years have OR 1.632 (0.208, 1.934), age group of 36-45 years OR 1.325 (0.352, 4.989) (verses age group of 46–55 years)and Pre university OR 1.442 (0.423,4.91) Diploma OR 1.02 (0.287,3.489), Private employee OR 1.513 (0.136, 1.939), Govt.employee OR 1.418(0.083, 2.114). But there was no significant relationship between knowledge level and religion, any related diseases and when was diagnosed to have CAD.
Interpretation and conclusion
The findings of the study showed that patients have moderate level of knowledge regarding CAD.
Assessment, Knowledge level, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD).