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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2013, Volume : 3, Issue : 1
First page : ( 21) Last page : ( 24)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149.

A study to evaluate the Quality of life in Head and Neck Cancer Patients admitted in Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni (Bk).

Mr. Barot Ravi1, Mr. Sivabalan T.2,*

1Lecturer, Nootan College of Nursing, Tal. Visngar, Dist. Mehsana, Gujarat

2Associate Professor, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (DU), College of Nursing, Loni (Bk), Tal. Rahata, Dist. Ahmednagar, Maharashtra. 413736

*Corresponding Author Email: sivavimal.guru@gmail.com

Online published on 5 February, 2014.

Abstract

Background

Quality of life is a subjective satisfaction expressed by an individual in his physical, mental and social dimensions. To maintain the good QOL the priorities and the goals must be realistic and achievable. For improving the QOL it is mandatory to bridge the gap between aspirations and actual possibility. The aim of the study was to evaluate the Quality of life in Head and Neck cancer patients and to find association of Quality of Life with their socio demographic characteristics.

Materials and Methods

A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out on 50 Head and Neck cancer patients from the inpatient department of oncology who had undergone various treatment modalities for cancer were included in the study. The WHO QOL questionnaire was administered to the patients for evaluating the quality of life.

Results

The patients overall qualities of life mean score was (213.2±10.7) which is 71% of the total score indicate patients had poor quality of life. However majority of patients showed poor quality of life (mean percent above 68%) in various domains like psychological wellbeing, family and social wellbeing, safety and security, financial resources, leisure activity/recreation, environment, and health care and treatment. Findings revealed that there was a significant association found between quality of life and socio demographic characteristics like education (χ2=5.1), monthly per capita income (χ2=14) and religion (χ2=8.9) at p< 0.05 level.

Conclusion

This study has demonstrated that the head and neck cancer patients had poor quality of life. The quality of life is not only the outcome of the disease and its treatment, but is also highly dependent on each patient's socioeconomic characteristics. It is important for health care professionals to make every effort to minimize cancer or treatment related symptoms and to relieve these effectively and promptly to improve the quality of life and survival.

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Keywords

Evaluate, quality of life, head and neck cancer.

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