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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 10, Issue : 3
First page : ( 255) Last page : ( 259)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2020.00054.3

A Study to assess the prevalence of suicide risk behaviour and effectiveness of awareness program regarding Suicide Prevention among the higher secondary students of selected school, Dadra and Nagar Haveli

Mr. Premkumar C.1,*, Mr. Mathew Jobin2, Ms. Jyoti Christulas2

1HOD of Department of Psychiatric, Nursing Tutor, Department of Psychiatric, Shri Vinoba Bhave College of Nursing, Silvassa

22nd Year M.Sc. Nursing Student, Shri Vinoba Bhave College of Nursing, Silvassa

*Corresponding Author Email: christi.ldp2010@gmail.com

Online published on 10 August, 2020.

Abstract

Introduction

Suicide is deliberate self-harm, which has been third leading cause of death among the adolescent, as mentioned by World Health Organization. It is very necessary to prevent suicide and create awareness among the adolescent as they are pillars of the forthcoming future.

Aims

The aim of the study is to assess the risk behaviour of student and to create prevention awareness among the higher secondary students studying in 11th standard in selected schools of DNH.

Method

Pre-experimental research design (quantitative)was used. Study was conducted in selected schools of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, with the sample size of 200 students who met the sampling criteria were selected with the help of purposive sampling technique. The data was collected using self-designed risk behaviour assessment scale and structured knowledge questionnaire. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Services (SPSS 23) and STATA.

Results

The data obtained were analyzed using inferential and descriptive statistics. It was calculated that 22% of the students were having mild risk behaviour. Calculated paired t test (t (199,0.05) =13.54) of awareness of suicide prevention awareness was found to be highly significant. The post-test mean score was 17.65 which was greater than the pre-test mean score (11.6) with the mean difference of 5.87 was found to be significant. The suicide prevention awareness programme was found to be effective where the posttest mean percentage is 17.65 and pre-test mean is 11.6 with the difference of 21%. Among the baseline association of pre-test score with the suicide risk behaviour, gender, education of father and family income was significant, gender had significant association with the pre-test awareness score.

Conclusion

Thus, the findings indicate that risk behaviour assessment and the suicide prevention awareness programme was an effective method of instruction for updating and enhancing the awareness among the higher secondary students.

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Keywords

Risk behaviour, prevention awareness programme, higher secondary students, suicide.

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