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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 10, Issue : 2
First page : ( 227) Last page : ( 234)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2020.00049.X

A co-relational study on job related stress, stress reaction and coping strategies adopted by nursing personnel providing care to PLHIVs at selected Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata

Mondal Lipika*

Assitant Professor, Department of Nursing, Aliah University, Kolkata, West Bengal

*Corresponding Author Email: talk2lipika82@gmail.com

Online published on 30 April, 2020.

Abstract

The investigator conducted a co-relational study on job related stress, stress reaction and coping strategies adopted by nursing personnel providing care to PLHIVs at selected Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. The conceptual framework adopted for this study was based on “Transactional model of stress by Lazarus and Folkman (1984)” explaining the relation between stimuli, individual's perception of stimulus and coping strategies. A non-probability purposive sampling technique was used to select 62 nursing personnel working with PLHIVs from General Medical ward of Medical College and Hospital, and School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata. A descriptive correlational study design was adopted for the study. The research instruments comprised of four tools – the structured interview schedule on demographic data, self-administered 3 point rating scale questionnaire of 30 statements modified from Nursing Stress Scale (by Grey–Toftand Anderson, 1918b), Copenhagen burnout inventory (standardized tool) and 4 point rating scale questionnaire of 40 statements on coping strategies modified from WAYSS booklet (Ways of coping questionnaire). Results show that maximum nurses having moderate job related stress. Maximum nurses expressing ‘Client Burnout’. Both ‘Emotion Focused’ and ‘Problem Focused’ coping were used for stress management by the nursing personnel. There was a significant positive correlation between job related stress - stress- reaction, significant negative correlation between stress-reaction - coping strategies and between stress and coping strategies. There was a significant association between stress and specific demographic variables. The findings of the study have implication on nursing education, administration, practice and research.

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Keywords

PLHIVs (People living with HIV/AIDS), job related stress, burn out, problem focused coping strategies, emotion focused coping.

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