Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge regarding Prevention and Management of Needle Stick Injury among selected student Nurses
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This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding prevention and management of needle stick injury among selected student nurses
A needle stick injury is a percutaneous piercing wound typically set by a needle point, but possibly also by other sharp instruments or objects1. Commonly encountered by people handling needles in the medical setting, such injuries are occupational hazards in the medical community. These events are of concern because of the risk to transmit blood-borne disease through the passage of the hepatitis B virus (HBV), the hepatitis C virus (HCV), and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the virus which causes AIDS. Despite their seriousness as a medical event, needle stick injuries have been neglected: most go unreported2
The research approach adopted for the study was quantitative approach and design was one group pre-test-post-test design. 100 student nurses were selected using stratified random sampling technique from M.O.S.C. College of Nursing, Kolenchery. The variables of the study were knowledge of nursing students on prevention and management of needle stick injury, age, religion, sex, course, year of study and clinical experience. A Pre test was conducted using a structured questionnaire. A Structured teaching programme on prevention and management of needle stick injury was given. After 7 days post test was conducted. The data was tabulated and analyzed using differential and inferential statistics like percentage, median, interquartile range, wilcoxon matched paired test and fisher exact test
The pre test revealed that about 5% had good knowledge score, 44% had poor knowledge, and 51% had average knowledge about prevention and management of needle stick injury. It is observed that variables such as age and course of study are significantly associated with the pre test knowledge score. Significant score difference was seen between pretest knowledge score median 7, interquartile range [Q1, Q3] [5, 9] and post test knowledge score median 18, interquartile range [Q1, Q3] [16, 19]. Hence the intervention was found to be effective
The study shows that structured teaching programme regarding prevention and management of needle stick injury among nursing students was effective in terms of improving their knowledge
Needle stick Injury, Student nurses, Structured Teaching Programme.