A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Health Education Programme on Knowledge and Attitude regarding Prevention of Lung Cancer among selected people living near to Industrial Area in Mehsana District
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Lung cancer is the second most common cancer, accounting for about one out of five malignancies in men and one out of nine in women. Unfortunately, over the past several years, while the incidence of lung cancer has gradually declined in men, it has been rising alarmingly in women. In 1940 only seven women in 100, 000 developed the disease; today the rate is 42 in 100, 000. And all the evidence points to smoking as the cause. As one specialist in the field reports, "How long it takes to get cancer depends on how many cigarettes you smoke a day." However, studies prove that quitting smoking does lower the risk
A quantitative approach using pre experimental one group pre-test post-test design
50 People living near to the industrial area. were selected by using Non-Probability Convenient sampling technique in Mehsana District
Health Education Programme was given to the People living near to the industrial area
Self Structured Questionnaire and Likert attitude Scale was used to assess the level of Knowledge and attitude regarding prevention of lung cancer in people living near to the industrial area
In this study overall the highest percentage in the demographic data including the Age 26% (above 50year), Gender 50% (Male)Educational status 52% (Primary), Occupation 42% (Labourer), Economic status 54%(Less than 5000/-), Bad habits 40% (No any bad habits), Source of information 38% (No information), The mean post-test Knowledge score (14.18)was higher than the mean pre-test knowledge score (7.68). The calculated “T” value (13.34) was greater than the table value (2.00) at 0.05 level of significance. The mean post-test Attitude score (72.4) was higher than the mean pre-test Attitude score (66.3). The calculated “T” value (14.92) was greater than the table value (2.00) at 0.05 level of significance. The Health Education programme was effective in increasing the Knowledge and attitude regarding Prevention of Lung cancer. Chi-square test to associate with the level of knowledge and selected demographic variable
The findings of the study indicate that Health Education Programme is effective in increase knowledge and attitude regarding prevention of lung cancer in people living near to the Industerial area.
Assess effectiveness, Health Education Programme, Knowledge, Attitude, Prevention of lung cancer.