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Asian Journal of Multidimensional Research (AJMR)
Year : 2019, Volume : 8, Issue : 3
First page : ( 164) Last page : ( 178)
Online ISSN : 2278-4853.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2278-4853.2019.00095.8

Forest dependency and rural livelihood—A study in Paschim Medinipur District, West Bengal

Jana Sebak Kumar1, Payra Tapas2, Manna Siddhartha Sankar3, Maiti Adwaita4, Paul Pranjit Kr.5

1Professor of Economics, Department of Economics with Rural Development, Vidyasagar University, West Bengal, India, Email id: sebakjana@yahoo.co.in

2M. Phil. Scholar, Department of Economics with Rural Development, Vidyasagar University, West Bengal, India, Email id: tapaspayra1992@gmail.com

3Research Scholar, Department of Economics with Rural Development, Vidyasagar University, West Bengal, India, Email id: siddharthamanna69@gmail.com

4Ph. D. Scholar, Department of Economics with Rural Development, Vidyasagar University, West Bengal, India, Email id: maitiadwaita@gmail.com

5M. Phil. Scholar, Department of Economics with Rural Development, Vidyasagar University, West Bengal, India, Email id: pranjitpaul22@gmail.com

JEL CLASSIFICATION: Q23, L73

Online published on 10 April, 2019.

Abstract

Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) are a collection of biological resources derived from natural and managed forest. NTFPs play significant role in rural livelihoods for a significant crucial portion of poor tribal populations in many parts of India. The present paper investigates the dependence of rural households on NTFPs in the district of Paschim Medinipur in West Bengal. The paper also attempts to find the disparities in forest earnings between different income groups with particular emphasis on income from NTFPs. We have used primary data collected from 158 households from 7 Forest Protection Committees (FPCs) in Garhbeta I Block of Paschim Medinipur district in West Bengal in India. This paper reveals that households in forest-fringe areas are highly dependent on NTFPs for maintaining their livelihoods. The result shows that dependency of household on NTFPs varies between income groups. Also we find that dependency of households on NTFPs depend significant on the factors like value of land, households size, number of days going to forest, number of forest goers and income diversification of the households.

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Keywords

Diversification, Livelihood, Non Timber Forest Product (NTFPs), West Bengal.

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