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Asian Journal of Development Matters
Year : 2013, Volume : 7, Issue : 1
First page : ( 121) Last page : ( 135)
Print ISSN : 0973-9629. Online ISSN : 0976-4674.

Role of Gender in Food Security of Agricultural Households in Rural Mewat

Palacios Alison C., Mehta Pradeep K.

Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD), Gurgaon, Haryana, India

Online published on 28 September, 2013.

Abstract

This paper examines the food security situation and its gender dimension in one of the most backward and underdeveloped districts of India, Mewat. The regional level investigation of food security reveals that on the whole, the commercial region, as compared to the subsistence region, have higher incomes, higher crop yields and total production, less yield variability, and have more diversified cropping patterns. Still, the volume of food available to households is approximately the same with negligible difference in the diversity of diets in both the commercial and subsistence regions. Therefore, it cannot be concluded that either of the regions is food secure since widespread micronutrient deficiencies are suspected based on reported food intake. Overall, size of landholding is found to be the most important determinant of household level food security. Regarding the individual food security of women, male education and the presence of an incomeearning woman is correlated with women's food security. Most importantly, this study finds that women's status or women's food security does not improve as household income or household level food security improves.

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