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Annals of Horticulture
Year : 2009, Volume : 2, Issue : 2
First page : ( 129) Last page : ( 136)
Print ISSN : 0974-8784.

Processing, Value Addition and Utilization of Medicinal Plants: An Approach

 Samsher, Goyal S. K.

Deptt. of Agricultural Engineering & Food Technology, S. V. Patel Univ. of Agri. & Tech., Meerut, 250 110, (U.P.).

Abstract

India is one of the richest country in the world as regards to genetic resources of medicinal plants. It constitutes about 11% of the total known flora though its total land mass occupies only 2% of the globe. India's turn over in drugs used in traditional systems of medicine is around Rs. 2400 crore. The present global trade in herbal products is estimated to be around 60 billion US $ and is predicted to reach the figure of 5 trillion US $ by 2050. Today more than 70 species of medicinal plants are commercially cultivated in India. Processing technology of medicinal plants includes cleaning, grading, washing, drying, grinding, extraction, packaging, storage, etc. Such management is essential for getting maximum product yield from the medicinal plants. In absence of appropriate processing technology, the medicinal plant growers are unable to fetch good prices of their produce. The promotion and development of processing of medicinal plants have gained momentum recently in many develo(Jlng countries. They need to build up technological and scientific capabilities to develop and improve the production of medicinal principles for use In their countries and to conduct R&D to develop value added products for export. This further enables creation of new markets because of consumer orientation of the society, increasing Interest and demand for green products. Sustainable use of such renewable natural resources will not only contributes to rural Industrial development and poverty alleviation but also to biodiversity to forest conservation. The various aspects of medicinal plants related with processing technology are discussed in the present paper.

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Key words

Medicinal plants, processing, value added products, herbal food products.

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