Agricultural Economics Research ReviewYear : 2006, Volume : 19, Issue : Conference
First page :
Last page :
ISSN : 0971-3441.
An analysis of growth in pulse production in India with special reference to Maharashtra
Yadav D.B., Shinde H.R., Joshi G.G., Pagire B.V.
Department of Agricultural Economics, MPKV, Rahuri - 413 722, Maharashtra
The growth of pulse production in India and with special emphasis on Maharashtra, has been studied based on the secondary data for the span of 54 years since 1950–51. The area under total pulses has been found declining, however, due to improvement in productivity, there has been an increase in the production of pulses in the country since 1980–81. The area, production and productivity of major pulses in the state of Maharashtra have increased over a period of time. In Maharashtra, the western Maharashtra region has the maximum area (28.05%) under gram with the highest productivity (585 kg/ha), the Marathawada region has the highest area (26.23%) under balkgram and the Vidharbha region has highest area under pigeonpea (47.85%) and greengarm (30.46%). The productivity of gram has increased significantly at the rate of 1.86 per cent per annum since 1960 and the total pulse production has increased at the rate of 1.48 per cent per annum in the state. The percentage share of total pulses in the gross cropped area has declined at the national level by 29 per cent, while it has increased by 26 per cent in the state during the past 45 years. The percentage share of total pulses in agricultural exports has been declining while that of total pulses has been increasing, in recent years. Export of pulses from India has remained unstable as compared to their import since 1980–81. Per capita net availability of pulses in the country has declined drastically by 52 per cent during the past 54 years. The study has observed a need to increase the production of pulses by increasing area and productivity to meet their domestic demand and decrease the dependence on their imports.