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Agricultural Economics Research Review
Year : 2006, Volume : 19, Issue : 2
First page : ( 293) Last page : ( 300)
Print ISSN : 0971-3441.

A comparative analysis of production and marketing of Bt cotton and hybrid cotton in Saurashtra region of Gujarat state

Visawadia H.R.1, Fadadu A.M.2, Tarpara V.D.3

1Department of Agricultural Economics, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh – 362 001; E-mail: Visawadia@yahoo.co.in

2At & Post Ivnagar, via. Junagadh, Dist. Junagadh

3Office of the Director of Research, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh 362 001; E-mail: vaju_tarpara@yahoo.com

This paper has been drawn from the M.Sc. thesis, “Comparative Economics of Bt Cotton and Hybrid Cotton in Saurashtra Region of Gujarat State”, submitted to Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh in 2004 by Alpesh Mohanbhai Fadadu.

Authors are grateful to the referee for his fruitful suggestions.


The study has revealed that the total cost per hectare is higher in Bt cotton than hybrid cotton. The cost of seeds has been found higher in Bt cotton, whereas hybrid cotton growers incur more cost on insecticides/pesticides. This shows the effectiveness of the new technology (Bt cotton) for insect resistance. The average total cost of production as well as the bulk line cost have been found lower in Bt cotton. This depicts a reduction in the unit cost of Bt cotton, which is the distinct advantage of the new technology. A higher yield of 29 per cent has been obtained by the Bt cotton farmers over the hybrid cotton growers. The study has identified the constraints in production, and marketing of Bt cotton in the area. Bt cotton has been found a superior technology to hybrid cotton, as it gives higher yield and has low cost of production.


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