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ACADEMICIA: AN INTERNATIONAL MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH JOURNAL
Year : 2021, Volume : 11, Issue : 2
First page : ( 1681) Last page : ( 1687)
Online ISSN : 2249-7137.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2249-7137.2021.00577.2

Social factors of the formation of a low level of quality of life parameters in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchial asthma

Salaeva Muborak Saidobdullaevna1, Salimova Nargiza Djurabaevna2, Kulkaraev Abdisalim Karimovich3

1Associate Professor, Department of Internal Diseases, Tashkent Medical Academy, Uzbekistan Email id: salaeva.66@mail.ru

2Associate Professor, Department of internal Diseases, Tashkent Medical Academy, Uzbekistan Email id: salimovanargizadj@gmail.com

3Assistant, Department increase qualification of doctors of TashkentMedical Academy, Uzbekistan Email id: abdisalimkulkaraev@gmail.com

Online published on 3 April, 2021.

Abstract

Aim: Study of social factors of the formation of a low level of quality of life parameters in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and bronchial asthma (BA). Material and methods: Researching of screening survey was carried out in the pulmonary department. 140 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 314 patients with bronchial asthma were questioned. The average age of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was 53.6 ± 0.74 years, in patients with bronchial asthma it was 46.3 ± 0.61 years. Quality of life was determined using the Seattle questionnaire, which included 29 questions assessing physical condition, emotional state, professional fitness and satisfaction with treatment. Result: The results of the study identified the criteria of social factors that determine the increased risk of a low level of QOL parameters, which is determined for both COPD and BA patients. A high degree of low level of physical condition for patients with COPD and asthma are determined by factors: gender, with a deficit in body weight (IC < 19), or its excess (IC>30), with the length of the disease, villagers employed in agricultural production (collective farmers), living in poor living conditions, in families of more than 5 people, or single, with a smoking experience of more than 20–30 years, with the presence of concomitant diseases and observed by therapists at the place of residence.

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Keywords

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchial Asthma, Social Factors, Quality Of Life.

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