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ACADEMICIA: AN INTERNATIONAL MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH JOURNAL
Year : 2021, Volume : 11, Issue : 2
First page : ( 815) Last page : ( 824)
Online ISSN : 2249-7137.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2249-7137.2021.00417.1

The study of genetics in modern sports medicine is the key to high achievements of young athletes

Mavlyanov Z.I1, Jalolova V.Z2, Rakhmatova M.R2

1Tashkent Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education, Uzbekistan

2Bukhara State Medical Institute, Uzbekistan

Online published on 3 April, 2021.

Abstract

Sports genetics is one of the young sciences. Genetic factors are generally known to affect strength and endurance, but only a few studies have examined the relationship between genetic factors and athletic performance in young athletes. One of the intensively developing areas of modern genetics is the development of molecular genetic approaches that make it possible to determine a person's predisposition to various types of activity, which is determined by the need to substantiate a system for selecting people for playing sports and correcting the training process. This approach is the most promising, since it allows you to determine the genetic predisposition to the performance of large physical activities and to carry out a targeted differentiated selection of children for sports at the earliest stages of their sports activity. Currently, predictive medicine is actively developing, the purpose of which is to identify possible diseases in a particular patient by the DNA structure, as well as to develop a set of preventive or health-improving measures based on these studies. Such preventive measures are also important in sports, so sports genetics can achieve high results using scientific methods.

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Keywords

Sports Genetics, Predicting Athletes’, Capabilities, Selection Of Young Athletes, DNA Polymorphism, Genetic Predisposition.

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