Poets of the samanids era
It is known that during the reign of the Samanids, great attention was paid to the development of science, art, literature and culture in general. As a result of the attention given to literature and culture, many generations of poets and writers have been formed and they have created unique works of spiritual wealth.During the period of the Samanids, literary literature, first in Arabic and later in the 10th century, lyrical and epic poetry in the Persian language, based on folk art traditions, developed. The works of Rudaki, Farrukhiy, Shahid Balkhi, Dakikiy, Abu Shukur Balkhi and Firdavsi were based on the traditions of the Samanids. At that time, the Arabic language was widely used, although the language of population was Sogdian, Tajik, and Turkish. Arabic was also the language of international communication, science, literature and religion in caliphate. It is not accidental that the sources contain information about 47poets who writes in Arabic language in Bukhara in IX-X centuries. It is known that the number of the most influential Persian-speaking poets in this period reached 200. This article is dedicated to study the life and work of poets of the Samanid period in Middle Asia. In this article along with the well-known poets, the works of the some poets who are far from attention of scientific and literary community, and the ideas expressed in their works. The article also states that the Samanids played an important role in the history of the early Middle Ages, Middle Asia reached cultural development during the period of the Samanids, Persian-Tadjik language emergenced from Iran and Bukhara has become a major cultural center of the East in the tenth century.
Middle Asia, Samanids, Literary Environment, Persian Language, Tadjik Language, Dari Language, Arabic Language, Ghazal, Ruboi.