The role of the geographic environment and climatic conditions in the formation of economic-cultural type of population when during ancient and antic period
The author of the article argues that the geographical position of Sogd has determined important historical prerequisites for the development of the region and the formation of features of economic activity and lifestyle of the population. Geographic conditions, in turn, also influenced the development of socio-economic ties and trade between peoples. The natural-historical, geographical and climatic conditions of ancient Sogd led to the emergence of one of the earliest agricultural cultures in this region. The article examines the process of constant mutual influence of agricultural and nomadic cultures, in particular, on the example of the peculiarities of the climate and the geographical position of the region, changes are proved in various historical periods of material culture and the economic type of the population.
Sogd, Samarkand, Zarafshan, Kashkadarya, Amu Darya, Syrdarya, Archaeological Sites, Population, Geographic Environment, Climatic Conditions, Sedentary Population, Nomads, Semi-Nomads, Tribes, Pastures, Steppe And Desert Spaces, Mountain Ranges, Rivers, Economy, Agriculture, Cattle Breeding, Territory.